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Write Your First Red-Green Test

In this blog post, we’re going to create a basic react application that displays “hello world!” and test it.

Please note: this blog post presumes a basic knowledge of javascript and React.

First, let’s create our app with create-react-app by running npx create-react-app appnamehere.

Next, cd into that appnamehere directory.

Next, we need to install jest, enzyme, and an enzyme adapter by running npm install jest jest-enzyme enzyme enzyme-adapter-react-16 --save

From here, in 7 easy steps, we’re going to write our first red-green test using Jest and Enzyme.

First, open App.test.js and import the following from the packages we just installed at the top of the file.

import Enzyme, {shallow} from 'enzyme';
import EnzymeAdapter from 'enzyme-adapter-react-16';

Second, we’re going to configure Enzyme with a new Adapter after our imports. Please note you should also import React into your test file.

Enzyme.configure({adapter: new EnzymeAdapter()});

Third, we will begin writing our test and a helper function.

//helper function 
const findByTestAttr = (wrapper,val) =>{
    return wrapper.find(`[data-test="${val}"`)

test('it renders div with id "container" without crashing', ()=>{
    const setup = shallow(<App/>)
    const container = findByTestAttr(setup, 'container')
    return container

Fourth, watch it fail. Run your tests using npm test.

Fifth, write code to make it pass. We do not currently have a div with an id of container defined in our index.html file. Go to /public, index.html, and add a div with an data-test attribute of container with the following code inside of #root div.

<div data-test="container">

Sixth, save the index.html file and run your tests again. You should be passing your tests.

Congratulations, you’ve written your first red-green test!